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The saree is worn as a traditional outfit of women in India.The word saree is derived from the word Sattika.This captivating yet decorous outfit was originated from southern of India.The acceptability of the saree is such that every women from different parts of the world from varied cultures and traditions are also taking an effective concern towards it.It is an exceptionally varied outfit.There are different categories of sarees depending upon different regions and places in India,such as-
1.Sambalpuri saree,Sambalpur,Orissa- These sarees are from Sambalpur,Orissa.The cotton fibre,Yarn is dyed in a design .These sarees have special palla with Kathan border.These are handloom silk sarees made according to ancient traditions.The cotton fibres fabric when once coloured,it cannot be bleached again and the cloth may get withered from time but the clour stays the same.
2.Ikkat Silk & Cotton,Bargarh Orissa- Ikkat sarees are found in Orissa.The Ikkat tradition of orissa is the process of tye-and-dye.Then weaving the yarn to produce alluring designs in various hues.The motifs so drawn are done with help of threads in silk and gold.The ikkat process is called 'Bandha" in orissa and the ikkat sarees as patan patola.
3.Tangail cotton,Bangladesh- Tangail is a city in north central of Bangladesh.It is a handloom and cotton-weaving centres.Thses sarees are woven by using jacquard.A sort of finishing by putting starch is done while weavung cotton yarn.A paper finish appearance is seen as a surface texture.
4.Jamdani,Bangladesh-It is a fine handwoven cotton fabric made in Bangladesh.Jamdani is the ancient cloth making technique with muslin.It is the most costly product of dhaka,Bangladesh.It is the most labor intensive form of weaving cotton fabric with muslin.
5.Rajashahi Silk,Bangladesh-One of finest& delicate fabrics produced in Bangladesh.The fibre is produced from shell of silkworms which are covered with protien called sericin.Rajashahi fabric is most desirable in Bangladesh,India and across the globe.
6.Tussar silk ,Bihar-These sarees are considered auspicious.Special variety of silk,as the cocoons are raised on Arjun ans Sal trees.These come in varied range of colours and decorated in various motifs.
7.Mooga silk,Assam- It is the national dress of Assamese.This silk is the product of silkworm .The larvae feeds on som and sualu leaves.The silk produced is glossy and fine texture.This silk cannot be bleached or dyed and can be hand washed.
8.Tant,Bengali cotton,Shantipur West Bengal- Bengali cotton sarees are called Tant sarees.These sarees are worn by the mass.It's hand to machine woven and comes in various bright colours with decorative borders.
9.Baluchari silk,West bengal-These sarees comes in sober colours with silk brocade designs on palla and border.It takes a lot of time and hard labor to weave baluchari.Firstly the silk worms are reared.Then processed and dyed in various colours.
10.Berhampur silk,Brahmpur,Orissa- This city is called silk city.The saree so designed in brahmpur is called Berhampuri patto.
1.Banarsi,Uttar Pradesh- These sarees are manufactured in Banaras in Uttar Pradesh.It is woven out of silk and with golden embroidery along the border and over the saree.There are four categories for this saree-pure silk(katan0,organa(kora) with zari or silk ,georgette and shattir.Each saree takes 15 days to six months depending upon the designs and work.
2.Shalu,Uttar Pradesh- It is a saree from Uttar Pradesh,similar to banarsi saree.It is also woven using a silk thread.It is not so common in the masses only the native women of Uttar Pradesh wear it.
3.Tanchoi,Uttar Pradesh- It is an elegant and dicursive weaving technique in northern India.It was orginally brought from China.Three brothers brought this technique from china with the last name"CHOI".Therefore,this technique is called "three chois'(Tan-three,Choi-brotjhers),Tanchoi.The weaving technique employs several silk yarns.Similar to brocades it is also woven with set of colourful silk yarn.It is one of the technical and complex meaning technique as it involves one or two wrap and two to five weft clours in the same shed.
1.Paithani,Maharashtra- It is the famous silk saree of maharashtra.It is hand woven saree with alluring colours,designs and it is quite labor intensive.It is made of silk in various hues with gld embroidery.Modern paithani sarees have silver threads coated with gold and are used to make a saree instead of gold threads.Types of designs-
a)Asavali(wine and flowers),
d)Runi phul(a kind of flower),
e)kalas paldi(a petal form).
2.Bandhani,Gujrat & Rajasthan- These sarees are quite in vogue and popular for their vibrant colours and beautiful designs.The word Bandhani is derived from the hindi word Bandhana which means tying.The cloth is tied at sveral palces,then the saree is dyed in a different colour as that of the saree's original clour.To make more colours and designs the saree is tied again with thread.
3.Kota doria,Rajasthan- Kota is a samll district in Rajasthan.The dorias are fine woven fabrics with a special type of chick pattern in the weaving called khat.These sarees are light weight and easy to handle.This fabric is super transparent and stable fabric.
4.Lugade,Maharashtra- This saree is from maharashtra.Its hindu womens dress which is full 9 yards.It is 42 to 45 inches in width and has two length wise borders Kanth Or kinar and also 2 breadth wise borders Padar at the two ends,of which one is more decorated than the other.
5.Patola,Gujarat- Patan, a place in gujarat is famous for patola sarees.Thes sarees are hand made sarees which are created in patan.These sarees are prepared with handlooms and are generally hand woven by the people of Gujarat.There are 2 types of patola sarees-
a)Rakot Patola-Vertically died(single Ikat)
b)Patan Patola-Horiontally dyed(double ikat)
1.Chanderi,Madhya Pradesh- Chanderi Saree is made of cotton.Border of chanderi sarees are narrow or broad and the palla is woven with gold thread or zar.It is woven in cotton and silk.Chanderi silk fabric is light weight and of 3 types-
a)Narrow border-A plain Saree with a narrow border and zari work
b)Broader border-Saree with broader border are decorated with silk embellishments woven into small geometrical designs.
c)Wide border-Its called Do-Chashnee which has wide border with light clored silk yarn in satin weaving.
2.Maheshwari,madhya Pradesh-The motifs on these sarees have been derived from the carving on the temple built by rani ahilya bai holkar.
weaving is done with geomtric designs with no motifs on the saree.Weaving is done with fine silk yarn and cotton weft.Sarees are plain or have stripes or cheks of varied varieties e.g of maheshwari sarees are chandrakala and the baingani chandrakala.
3.Kosa silk,Chhatisgarh-Its a type of saree produced in central india(chhatisgarh).Kosa silk is produced from cocoons grown on arjun,seja or sal tress.Its popular for its softness and elegance.The sarees are available in a range of colors,patterns,block prints,painted or embroided sarees.
1.Kanjivaram,Kanchipuram,Tamil nadu- Its called the most well known among Indian silk sarees.Its the famous saree of Tamil people.Kanjivaram saree got its name from the town kanchipuram a town in tamil nadu.Its made of heavy silk called kanjivaram silk which is very durable that can be washed at home.Its the thickest than all other silks therfore most expensive. The heavier the saree the more the price.
2.Pochampalli Silk,Andhra Pradesh- These sares are woven in ponchampally a small town in Andhra Pradesh.Saree is hand woven with cotton and silk fabric.The ikkat weaving involves the yarn to be dyed first with each strand dyed on the basis of design to be made.This method is similar to the Tie and dye method.
3.Vankatgiri,Andhra Pradesh- These sarees have graceful gold strands all over the saree.These sarees are available in cotton and silk with pure silver,zari and brocade design all over the border.These sarees are in off white colors and with dull golden motifs.